By Louis Fourie
EACH industrial revolution had a major impact on transportation, progressing from horse-drawn carts to trains and, eventually, cars and planes.
The Fourth Industrial Revolution is no exception, with a change from hardware-defined cars to software-enabled transportation platforms.
As with many other 21st century products, software is transforming the capabilities of our cars. More and more automotive innovations, such as advanced driver-assistance, intuitive infotainment, high-end onboard assistants, automated and self-driving abilities, intelligent body and comfort control, programmable ambient lighting, mapping, car and energy performance, and telematics are software-driven rather than hardware-designed. Integrated modules and ecosystem Typically, new-generation vehicle software consists of several domains with hundreds of functional components in the car and in…