The changing politics of the Middle East

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National interest, in foreign policy, is the measure of all things. With changing national interests of the US with decreasing oil imports and China’s increasing oil imports, the character of Middle Eastern politics is changing. The Industrial Revolution led to a spike in global energy demand. With the discovery of oil and gas, coal was replaced by oil because it had fewer expenses with higher energy production. However, it was not discovered in abundance till the 1920s. So, researchers and scholars believed that oil will end soon.

At the end of the second world war, the US industrial production increased at an unprecedented rate increases the demand for oil. The US had a 46% of the global GDP share as Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Japan and the Soviet Union were consumed heavily at the hands of war, their infrastructure demolished and industry at dead ends. It was only the US that was growing at a higher pace. The US needed an uninterrupted…

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